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论文题目: Deletion of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 exacerbates renal inflammation and injury in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice through modulation of the nephrin and TNF-alpha-TNFRSF1A signaling
英文论文题目: Deletion of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 exacerbates renal inflammation and injury in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice through modulation of the nephrin and TNF-alpha-TNFRSF1A signaling
第一作者: Jin, HY; Chen, LJ; Zhang, ZZ; Xu, YL; Song, B; Xu, R; Oudit, GY; Gao, PJ; Zhu, DL; Zhong, JC
英文第一作者: Jin, HY; Chen, LJ; Zhang, ZZ; Xu, YL; Song, B; Xu, R; Oudit, GY; Gao, PJ; Zhu, DL; Zhong, JC
联系作者: Zhong, JC (reprint author), Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Sch Med, Ruijin Hosp, State Key Lab Med Genom,Shanghai Inst Hypertens, 197 Ruijin 2nd Rd, Shanghai 200025, Peoples R China.
英文联系作者: Zhong, JC (reprint author), Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Sch Med, Ruijin Hosp, State Key Lab Med Genom,Shanghai Inst Hypertens, 197 Ruijin 2nd Rd, Shanghai 200025, Peoples R China.
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发表年度: 2015
卷: 13
期:
页码: -
摘要: Background: The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) has been implicated in atherosclerotic lesions and progression to chronic kidney diseases. We examined regulatory roles of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) in the apolipoprotein E (ApoE) knockout (KO) kidneys. Methods: The 3-month-old wild-type, ApoEKO, ACE2KO and ApoE/ACE2 double-KO (DKO) mice in a C57BL/6 background were used. The ApoEKO mice were randomized to daily deliver either Ang II (1.5 mg/kg) and/or human recombinant ACE2 (rhACE2; 2 mg/kg) for 2 weeks. We examined changes in pro-inflammatory cytokines, renal ultrastructure, and pathological signaling in mouse kidneys. Results: Downregulation of ACE2 and nephrin levels was observed in ApoEKO kidneys. Genetic ACE2 deletion resulted in modest elevations in systolic blood pressure levels and Ang II type 1 receptor expression and reduced nephrin expression in kidneys of the ApoE/ACE2 DKO mice with a decrease in renal Ang-(1-7) levels. These changes were linked with marked increases in renal superoxide generation, NADPH oxidase (NOX) 4 and proinflammatory factors levels, including interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-6, IL-17A, RANTES, ICAM-1, Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and TNFRSF1A. Renal dysfunction and ultrastructure injury were aggravated in the ApoE/ACE2 DKO mice and Ang II-infused ApoEKO mice with increased plasma levels of creatinine, blood urea nitrogen and enhanced levels of Ang II in plasma and kidneys. The Ang II-mediated reductions of renal ACE2 and nephrin levels in ApoEKO mice were remarkably rescued by rhACE2 supplementation, along with augmentation of renal Ang-(1-7) levels. More importantly, rhACE2 treatment significantly reversed Ang II-induced renal inflammation, superoxide generation, kidney dysfunction and adverse renal injury in ApoEKO mice with suppression of the NOX4 and TNF-alpha-TNFRSF1A signaling. However, rhACE2 had no effect on renal NOX2 and TNFRSF1B expression and circulating lipid levels. Conclusions: ACE2 deficiency exacerbates kidney inflammation, oxidative stress and adverse renal injury in the ApoE-mutant mice through modulation of the nephrin, NOX4 and TNF-alpha-TNFRSF1A signaling. While rhACE2 supplementation alleviates inflammation, renal dysfunction and glomerulus injury in the ApoE-mutant mice associated with upregulations of Ang-(1-7) levels and nephrin expression and suppression of the TNF-alpha-TNFRSF1A signaling. Strategies aimed at enhancing the ACE2/Ang-(1-7) actions may have important therapeutic potential for atherosclerotic renal injury and kidney diseases.
英文摘要: Background: The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) has been implicated in atherosclerotic lesions and progression to chronic kidney diseases. We examined regulatory roles of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) in the apolipoprotein E (ApoE) knockout (KO) kidneys. Methods: The 3-month-old wild-type, ApoEKO, ACE2KO and ApoE/ACE2 double-KO (DKO) mice in a C57BL/6 background were used. The ApoEKO mice were randomized to daily deliver either Ang II (1.5 mg/kg) and/or human recombinant ACE2 (rhACE2; 2 mg/kg) for 2 weeks. We examined changes in pro-inflammatory cytokines, renal ultrastructure, and pathological signaling in mouse kidneys. Results: Downregulation of ACE2 and nephrin levels was observed in ApoEKO kidneys. Genetic ACE2 deletion resulted in modest elevations in systolic blood pressure levels and Ang II type 1 receptor expression and reduced nephrin expression in kidneys of the ApoE/ACE2 DKO mice with a decrease in renal Ang-(1-7) levels. These changes were linked with marked increases in renal superoxide generation, NADPH oxidase (NOX) 4 and proinflammatory factors levels, including interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-6, IL-17A, RANTES, ICAM-1, Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and TNFRSF1A. Renal dysfunction and ultrastructure injury were aggravated in the ApoE/ACE2 DKO mice and Ang II-infused ApoEKO mice with increased plasma levels of creatinine, blood urea nitrogen and enhanced levels of Ang II in plasma and kidneys. The Ang II-mediated reductions of renal ACE2 and nephrin levels in ApoEKO mice were remarkably rescued by rhACE2 supplementation, along with augmentation of renal Ang-(1-7) levels. More importantly, rhACE2 treatment significantly reversed Ang II-induced renal inflammation, superoxide generation, kidney dysfunction and adverse renal injury in ApoEKO mice with suppression of the NOX4 and TNF-alpha-TNFRSF1A signaling. However, rhACE2 had no effect on renal NOX2 and TNFRSF1B expression and circulating lipid levels. Conclusions: ACE2 deficiency exacerbates kidney inflammation, oxidative stress and adverse renal injury in the ApoE-mutant mice through modulation of the nephrin, NOX4 and TNF-alpha-TNFRSF1A signaling. While rhACE2 supplementation alleviates inflammation, renal dysfunction and glomerulus injury in the ApoE-mutant mice associated with upregulations of Ang-(1-7) levels and nephrin expression and suppression of the TNF-alpha-TNFRSF1A signaling. Strategies aimed at enhancing the ACE2/Ang-(1-7) actions may have important therapeutic potential for atherosclerotic renal injury and kidney diseases.
刊物名称: JOURNAL OF TRANSLATIONAL MEDICINE
英文刊物名称: JOURNAL OF TRANSLATIONAL MEDICINE
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学科: Research & Experimental Medicine
英文学科: Research & Experimental Medicine
影响因子: 3.93
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论文类别: Article
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