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论文题目: Risk of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular disease associated with secondhand smoke exposure: A systematic review and meta-analysis
英文论文题目: Risk of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular disease associated with secondhand smoke exposure: A systematic review and meta-analysis
第一作者: Lv, XF; Sun, JC; Bi, YF; Xu, M; Lu, JL; Zhao, LB; Xu, Y
英文第一作者: Lv, XF; Sun, JC; Bi, YF; Xu, M; Lu, JL; Zhao, LB; Xu, Y
联系作者: Xu, Y (reprint author), Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Sch Med, Key Lab Endocrine & Metab Dis, Minist Hlth,Dept Endocrine & Metab Dis,Rui Jin Ho, 197 Rui Jin 2nd Rd, Shanghai, Peoples R China.
英文联系作者: Xu, Y (reprint author), Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Sch Med, Key Lab Endocrine & Metab Dis, Minist Hlth,Dept Endocrine & Metab Dis,Rui Jin Ho, 197 Rui Jin 2nd Rd, Shanghai, Peoples R China.
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发表年度: 2015
卷: 199
期:
页码: 106-115
摘要: Background: Emerging studies have assessed the association between secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure and cardiovascular disease (CVD) as well as all-cause mortality. However, findings were not consistent due to the heterogeneity of study characteristics. Methods: PubMed and Embase were searched through May 2014 for prospective cohort and case-control studies investigating the associations of SHS exposure in never smokers with all-cause mortality and the risk of CVD. The main analysis was performed in studies using self-reported SHS exposure and secondary analysis was performed in studies using objectively measured SHS exposure. Summary estimates were calculated using random-effects models. Results: Twenty-three prospective and 17 case-control studies were included. The pooled relative risks (RR) for never smokers exposed to SHS in comparison with those unexposed were 1.18 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.10-1.27] for all-cause mortality (12 studies), and 1.23 (1.16-1.31) for CVD (38 studies). The association of SHS exposure with CVD was markedly stronger among studies conducted in China (RR = 1.65, 95% CI 1.27-2.13) than that in the US (RR = 1.09, 95% CI 1.03-1.16). Studies using objectively measured SHS exposure demonstrated a slightly higher risk for CVD compared with those using self-reported SHS exposure. Conclusions: Exposure to SHS significantly increased the risk for all-cause mortality and CVD. The risk associated with SHS exposure was large in China while the risk was only modest in the US. Studies using objectively measured SHS exposure may yield a higher risk of CVD than those using self-reported SHS exposure. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
英文摘要: Background: Emerging studies have assessed the association between secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure and cardiovascular disease (CVD) as well as all-cause mortality. However, findings were not consistent due to the heterogeneity of study characteristics. Methods: PubMed and Embase were searched through May 2014 for prospective cohort and case-control studies investigating the associations of SHS exposure in never smokers with all-cause mortality and the risk of CVD. The main analysis was performed in studies using self-reported SHS exposure and secondary analysis was performed in studies using objectively measured SHS exposure. Summary estimates were calculated using random-effects models. Results: Twenty-three prospective and 17 case-control studies were included. The pooled relative risks (RR) for never smokers exposed to SHS in comparison with those unexposed were 1.18 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.10-1.27] for all-cause mortality (12 studies), and 1.23 (1.16-1.31) for CVD (38 studies). The association of SHS exposure with CVD was markedly stronger among studies conducted in China (RR = 1.65, 95% CI 1.27-2.13) than that in the US (RR = 1.09, 95% CI 1.03-1.16). Studies using objectively measured SHS exposure demonstrated a slightly higher risk for CVD compared with those using self-reported SHS exposure. Conclusions: Exposure to SHS significantly increased the risk for all-cause mortality and CVD. The risk associated with SHS exposure was large in China while the risk was only modest in the US. Studies using objectively measured SHS exposure may yield a higher risk of CVD than those using self-reported SHS exposure. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
刊物名称: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY
英文刊物名称: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY
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学科: Cardiovascular System & Cardiology
英文学科: Cardiovascular System & Cardiology
影响因子: 4.036
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论文类别: Article
英文论文类别: Article
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