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论文题目: Dichloroacetate restores drug sensitivity in paclitaxel-resistant cells by inducing citric acid accumulation
英文论文题目: Dichloroacetate restores drug sensitivity in paclitaxel-resistant cells by inducing citric acid accumulation
第一作者: Zhou, X; Chen, RH; Yu, ZH; Li, R; Li, JJ; Zhao, XP; Song, SL; Liu, JJ; Huang, G
英文第一作者: Zhou, X; Chen, RH; Yu, ZH; Li, R; Li, JJ; Zhao, XP; Song, SL; Liu, JJ; Huang, G
联系作者: Liu, JJ (reprint author), Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Sch Med, Ren Ji Hosp, Dept Nucl Med, 1630 Dongfang Rd, Shanghai 200127, Peoples R China.
英文联系作者: Liu, JJ (reprint author), Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Sch Med, Ren Ji Hosp, Dept Nucl Med, 1630 Dongfang Rd, Shanghai 200127, Peoples R China.
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发表年度: 2015
卷: 14
期:
页码: -
摘要: Background: The Warburg effect describes the increased reliance of tumor cells on glycolysis for ATP generation. Mitochondrial respiratory defect is thought to be an important factor leading to the Warburg effect in some types of tumor cells. Consequently, there is growing interest in developing anti-cancer drugs that target mitochondria. One example is dichloroacetate (DCA) that stimulates mitochondria through inhibition of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase. Methods: We investigated the anti-cancer activity of DCA using biochemical and isotopic tracing methods. Results: We observed that paclitaxel-resistant cells contained decreased levels of citric acid and sustained mitochondrial respiratory defect. DCA specifically acted on cells with mitochondrial respiratory defect to reverse paclitaxel resistance. DCA could not effectively activate oxidative respiration in drug-resistant cells, but induced higher levels of citrate accumulation, which led to inhibition of glycolysis and inactivation of P-glycoprotein. Conclusions: The ability of DCA to target cells with mitochondrial respiratory defect and restore paclitaxel sensitivity by inducing citrate accumulation supports further preclinical development.
英文摘要: Background: The Warburg effect describes the increased reliance of tumor cells on glycolysis for ATP generation. Mitochondrial respiratory defect is thought to be an important factor leading to the Warburg effect in some types of tumor cells. Consequently, there is growing interest in developing anti-cancer drugs that target mitochondria. One example is dichloroacetate (DCA) that stimulates mitochondria through inhibition of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase. Methods: We investigated the anti-cancer activity of DCA using biochemical and isotopic tracing methods. Results: We observed that paclitaxel-resistant cells contained decreased levels of citric acid and sustained mitochondrial respiratory defect. DCA specifically acted on cells with mitochondrial respiratory defect to reverse paclitaxel resistance. DCA could not effectively activate oxidative respiration in drug-resistant cells, but induced higher levels of citrate accumulation, which led to inhibition of glycolysis and inactivation of P-glycoprotein. Conclusions: The ability of DCA to target cells with mitochondrial respiratory defect and restore paclitaxel sensitivity by inducing citrate accumulation supports further preclinical development.
刊物名称: MOLECULAR CANCER
英文刊物名称: MOLECULAR CANCER
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学科: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; Oncology
英文学科: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; Oncology
影响因子: 4.257
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论文类别: Article
英文论文类别: Article
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