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论文题目: The chromatin remodeler Chd4 maintains embryonic stem cell identity by controlling pluripotency- and differentiation-associated genes
英文论文题目: The chromatin remodeler Chd4 maintains embryonic stem cell identity by controlling pluripotency- and differentiation-associated genes
第一作者: Zhao, HX; Han, ZJ; Liu, XY; Gu, JJ; Tang, F; Wei, G; Jin, Y
英文第一作者: Zhao, HX; Han, ZJ; Liu, XY; Gu, JJ; Tang, F; Wei, G; Jin, Y
联系作者: Jin, Y (reprint author),Chinese Acad Sci,Inst Hlth Sci,Shanghai Inst Biol, Key Lab Stem Cell Biol, 320 Yueyang Rd, Shanghai 200031, Peoples R China.
英文联系作者: Jin, Y (reprint author),Chinese Acad Sci,Inst Hlth Sci,Shanghai Inst Biol, Key Lab Stem Cell Biol, 320 Yueyang Rd, Shanghai 200031, Peoples R China.
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发表年度: 2017
卷: 292
期: 20
页码: 8507-8519
摘要: The unique properties of embryonic stem cells (ESCs), including unlimited self-renewal and pluripotent differentiation potential, are sustained by integrated genetic and epigenetic networks composed of transcriptional factors and epigenetic modulators. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the function of these regulators are not fully elucidated. Chromodomain helicase DNA-binding protein 4 (Chd4), an ATPase subunit of the nucleosome remodeling and deacetylase (NuRD) complex, is highly expressed in ESCs. However, its function in ESC regulation remains elusive. Here we report that Chd4 is required for the maintenance of ESC self-renewal. RNAi-mediated silencing of Chd4 disrupted self-renewal and up-regulated lineage commitment-associated genes under self-renewal culture conditions. During ESC differentiation in embryoid body formation, we observed significantly stronger induction of differentiation-associated genes in Chd4-deficient cells. The phenotype was different from that caused by the deletion of Mbd3, another subunit of the NuRD complex. Transcriptomic analyses revealed that Chd4 secured ESC identity by controlling the expression of subsets of pluripotency- and differentiation-associated genes. Importantly, Chd4 repressed the transcription of T box protein 3 (Tbx3), a transcription factor with important functions in ESC fate determination. Tbx3 knockdown partially rescued aberrant activation of differentiation-associated genes, especially of endoderm-associated genes, induced by Chd4 depletion. Moreover, we identified an interaction of Chd4 with the histone variant H2A. Z. This variant stabilized Chd4 by inhibiting Chd4 protein degradation through the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. Collectively, this study identifies the Chd4-Tbx3 axis in controlling ESC fate and a role of H2A. Z in maintaining the stability of Chd4 proteins.
英文摘要: The unique properties of embryonic stem cells (ESCs), including unlimited self-renewal and pluripotent differentiation potential, are sustained by integrated genetic and epigenetic networks composed of transcriptional factors and epigenetic modulators. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the function of these regulators are not fully elucidated. Chromodomain helicase DNA-binding protein 4 (Chd4), an ATPase subunit of the nucleosome remodeling and deacetylase (NuRD) complex, is highly expressed in ESCs. However, its function in ESC regulation remains elusive. Here we report that Chd4 is required for the maintenance of ESC self-renewal. RNAi-mediated silencing of Chd4 disrupted self-renewal and up-regulated lineage commitment-associated genes under self-renewal culture conditions. During ESC differentiation in embryoid body formation, we observed significantly stronger induction of differentiation-associated genes in Chd4-deficient cells. The phenotype was different from that caused by the deletion of Mbd3, another subunit of the NuRD complex. Transcriptomic analyses revealed that Chd4 secured ESC identity by controlling the expression of subsets of pluripotency- and differentiation-associated genes. Importantly, Chd4 repressed the transcription of T box protein 3 (Tbx3), a transcription factor with important functions in ESC fate determination. Tbx3 knockdown partially rescued aberrant activation of differentiation-associated genes, especially of endoderm-associated genes, induced by Chd4 depletion. Moreover, we identified an interaction of Chd4 with the histone variant H2A. Z. This variant stabilized Chd4 by inhibiting Chd4 protein degradation through the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. Collectively, this study identifies the Chd4-Tbx3 axis in controlling ESC fate and a role of H2A. Z in maintaining the stability of Chd4 proteins.
刊物名称: JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY
英文刊物名称: JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY
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学科: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
英文学科: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
影响因子: 4.125
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论文类别: Article
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