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论文题目: TNF alpha-activated mesenchymal stromal cells promote breast cancer metastasis by recruiting CXCR2(+) neutrophils
英文论文题目: TNF alpha-activated mesenchymal stromal cells promote breast cancer metastasis by recruiting CXCR2(+) neutrophils
第一作者: Yu, PF; Huang, Y; Han, YY; Lin, LY; Sun, WH; Rabson, AB; Wang, Y; Shi, YF
英文第一作者: Yu, PF; Huang, Y; Han, YY; Lin, LY; Sun, WH; Rabson, AB; Wang, Y; Shi, YF
联系作者: Wang, Y; Shi, YF (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Shanghai Inst Biol Sci, Inst Hlth Sci, Key Lab Stem Cell Biol, 320 Yueyang Rd, Shanghai 200031, Peoples R China.
英文联系作者: Wang, Y; Shi, YF (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Shanghai Inst Biol Sci, Inst Hlth Sci, Key Lab Stem Cell Biol, 320 Yueyang Rd, Shanghai 200031, Peoples R China.
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发表年度: 2017
卷: 36
期: 4
页码: 482-490
摘要: Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) tend to infiltrate into tumors and form a major component of the tumor microenvironment. Our previous work demonstrated that tumor necrosis factor a (TNF alpha)-activated MSCs significantly promoted tumor growth. However, the role of TNF alpha-treated MSCs in tumor metastasis remains elusive. Employing a lung metastasis model of murine breast cancer, we found that TNF alpha-activated MSCs strikingly enhanced tumor metastasis compared with normal MSCs. We analyzed the chemokine profiles and found that the expression of CCL5, CCR2 and CXCR2 ligands were enhanced in TNF alpha-activated MSCs. Using genetic or pharmacological strategies to inhibit CCL5 or CCR2, we demonstrated that CCL5 and CCR2 ligands were indispensable in supporting TNF alpha-activated MSCs to promote tumor metastasis. Analysis of immune cells revealed that CXCR2 ligands (CXCL1, CXCL 2 and CXCL5) expressed by TNF alpha-activated MSCs efficiently recruited CXCR2(+) neutrophils into tumor. These neutrophils were responsible for the pro-metastatic effect of MSCs since inhibition of this chemotaxis abolished increased neutrophil recruitment and tumor metastasis. The interaction between neutrophils and tumor cells resulted in markedly elevated metastasis-related genes by tumor cells, including CXCR4, CXCR7, MMP12, MMP13, IL-6 and TGF beta. Importantly, in IL8(high) human breast cancer samples, we also observed similar alterations of gene expression. Collectively, our findings demonstrate that TNF alpha-activated MSCs promote tumor metastasis via CXCR2(+) neutrophil recruitment.
英文摘要: Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) tend to infiltrate into tumors and form a major component of the tumor microenvironment. Our previous work demonstrated that tumor necrosis factor a (TNF alpha)-activated MSCs significantly promoted tumor growth. However, the role of TNF alpha-treated MSCs in tumor metastasis remains elusive. Employing a lung metastasis model of murine breast cancer, we found that TNF alpha-activated MSCs strikingly enhanced tumor metastasis compared with normal MSCs. We analyzed the chemokine profiles and found that the expression of CCL5, CCR2 and CXCR2 ligands were enhanced in TNF alpha-activated MSCs. Using genetic or pharmacological strategies to inhibit CCL5 or CCR2, we demonstrated that CCL5 and CCR2 ligands were indispensable in supporting TNF alpha-activated MSCs to promote tumor metastasis. Analysis of immune cells revealed that CXCR2 ligands (CXCL1, CXCL 2 and CXCL5) expressed by TNF alpha-activated MSCs efficiently recruited CXCR2(+) neutrophils into tumor. These neutrophils were responsible for the pro-metastatic effect of MSCs since inhibition of this chemotaxis abolished increased neutrophil recruitment and tumor metastasis. The interaction between neutrophils and tumor cells resulted in markedly elevated metastasis-related genes by tumor cells, including CXCR4, CXCR7, MMP12, MMP13, IL-6 and TGF beta. Importantly, in IL8(high) human breast cancer samples, we also observed similar alterations of gene expression. Collectively, our findings demonstrate that TNF alpha-activated MSCs promote tumor metastasis via CXCR2(+) neutrophil recruitment.
刊物名称: ONCOGENE
英文刊物名称: ONCOGENE
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学科: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; Oncology; Cell Biology; Genetics & Heredity
英文学科: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; Oncology; Cell Biology; Genetics & Heredity
影响因子: 7.519
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论文类别: Article
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